|Middle and High School||World History, American History, Language Arts|
• Define visualization, cite examples, and explain how visualization helps with understanding.
• Define sacrifice and commitment in relation to the Medal of Honor citation
• Create a story board that exemplifies the sacrifice and commitment that resulted in Tibor Rubin’s citation.
Medal of Honor Focus: Tibor Rubin, Corporal, U.S. Army, Co. 1, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division / Korean War
The teacher will read any poem with stirring visual images (e.g. "Ballad of Birmingham" written by Dudley
Randall) and ask the students to imagine what is happening in the poem.
Whole Group Activity:
The teacher will lead the students to understand how imagination/visualization helps reading comprehension.
Ask students to imagine what their mother's face looks like when she tells them no or what they can or cannot
do. Tell students this is visualization. The teacher will provide the students with the poem and the double entry
As the teacher is reading the poem aloud for the second time, the students will follow along and record responses
in the template. If using the "Ballad of Birmingham," the teacher will ask students to describe what they think the
streets of Birmingham looked like during the Freedom March that day in 1963. Prompt students to discuss what
they visualized when they were inside a church. Visualize an explosion.
Small Group/Individual Activity:
Students will view the vignette about Tibor Rubin. The students will use the double entry journal template to record
key actions and events and then sketch a picture of the event.
Whole Group Activity:
The teacher will guide the class in a discussion about what stood out in the vignette. After reflecting on what stands
out in their double entry journal, students will choose an event to graphically represent a moment in Tibor Rubin’s
vignette for a poster presentation.
Students will present their posters and explain the reason for their choice.
Double entry journal, poster
Medal of Honor: Portraits of Valor Beyond the Call of Duty. NY: Artisan, 2006.
Randall, Dudley. "Battle of Birmingham." 1969.
Quote: "One must have good character, solid principles, and high ethical standards to inspire others to follow." - Wesley L. Fox, Marine Corps-Vietnam War
Download lesson to view a Sample Double Entry Journal.