|Middle and High School||Foundational|
One Class Session
Medal of Honor Focus: Salvatore Giunta, U.S. Army, War on Terror (Afghanistan)
For the Teacher:
Prepare several copies of the Medal of Honor citation for Salvatore Giunta, which is included in the lesson pdf below. Mix up the citation, and put the pieces into an envelope. One envelope will be prepared for each group of students to reconstruct. Also, preview the Salvatore Giunta video and be prepared to pause at 5:30.
Note: The split versions of the video are available in the Living History Section below.
Introduce students to a Medal of Honor citation. It may be described as a birth certificate, which is specific to one person. The Medal of Honor citation is the official government document that describes the actions for which the Recipient received the medal. The document will use language and terminology specific to the military.
Play the video of Salvatore Giunta. For this lesson, the students are shown only part of the video which leads them up to the actions of the ambush (5:30). At that point, stop the video and ask the students to predict what will happen next based on foreshadowing from the video.
Small Group Activity:
Have students work in small groups to reconstruct the citation. Each group will remove all sections from the envelope and work together to place the sections in the correct order. Students should discuss the strategies they use to put the citation in order and read through the citation once they have each piece placed.
Whole Group Activity:
When all groups have their pieces organized, reveal the parts of the citation one piece at a time for groups to self- correct. Discuss with students which strategies they used for putting their citations together, such as opening and closing paragraphs; transition words; beginning, middle, and end; or finding the climax of the event. Discuss the portion of the video that they have seen so far and ask if they were able to successfully predict the events within the citation.
Provide copies of the official citation for students to reread individually. Discuss vocabulary that is unfamiliar and provide meaning for terms. Ask students to identify the action for which Salvatore Giunta was awarded the Medal of Honor. Also, discuss who might be the intended audience for the citation.
Following the work with the written citation, play the remainder of the video. While watching, students should look for details that further enhance their understanding of the Recipient’s action.
After watching, discuss details revealed in the video that are not in the citation. Ask students to compare their reaction to the citation as opposed to the video:
Students will write a personal reflection or a formal essay about how the video is different from the official citation, supporting their observation with details revealed in the video but not in the citation.
Reflection or essay