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The Sacrifices We Make

Suggested Level

Suggested Applications

Middle and High School Social Studies, Language Arts

LESSON TIME:
One Class Session


OBJECTIVES
Students will:

  • discuss examples of sacrifice in relationship to community


Medal of Honor Focus: John Hawk, U.S. Army, World War II (Europe)


Introductory Activity:
The teacher will display John Hawk’s words on the board: “The worst thing that can happen to a human being is to have to take the life of another human being.” The teacher will lead students in a discussion about the quotation and its possible meaning.


Whole Group Activity:
Write the word “sacrifice” on the board. Have students brainstorm ideas about sacrifice. Develop a definition of the term as a group.


Small Group/Individual Activity:
Have students write a minimum of five lines about a sacrifice that they have witnessed. Students will then pair up and share their writing. Have volunteers read their responses to the group.


Whole Group Activity:
Watch the video for John Hawk. Have students watch for examples of sacrifice based on the common definition the class agreed upon earlier in the lesson. 


Concluding Activity:
Students will write a response to the following questions/prompts:

  • How does Jon Hawk’s story demonstrate sacrifice for his unit and his country?
  • How does his action affect the community at home and his comrades?
  • Discuss community and how acts of sacrifice affect a community.
  • Discuss the quotation used in the beginning of the class and its meaning now that the video has been viewed.


Assessment:
Answers to video questions, examples of sacrifice


Resources:
John Hawk Living History video


Extended Activity:
Visit local graves of service members or a Medal of Honor Recipient, if there is one in your area, and place flowers or a wreath. Research the service members.

Living History Video