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Critical Analysis of Courage and Bravery

Suggested Level

Suggested Applications

Middle and High School History, Language Arts

Students will:
• Identify careers that require acts of courage and bravery.
• Identify acts of courage and bravery.
• Analyze and interpret actions of bravery and courage.
• Analyze differences in actions of bravery/courage.

Medal of Honor Focus: Robert Howard, Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, 5th Special Forces Group
   (Airborne), 1st Special Forces / Vietnam War

Introductory Activity:
The teacher will introduce the words "honor," "courage," and "bravery." Students will brainstorm and make a list
of jobs or professions where the job may be based on heroic duties every day and exemplify these values. (e.g.
firefighter, police officer, doctor, nurse) Survey the class to see how the majority of the students responded.

Small Group/Individual Activity:
Separate the class into several small groups. Provide each group a printed copy of Robert Howard’s profile to read
together. Ask each group to describe five actions that exemplify his bravery/courage. Let the groups discuss each
question. Ask students to describe at least three actions that stood out overall.

Whole Group Activity:

Discuss Robert Howard’s actions of bravery/courage.

Small Group Activity:
Assign each group a separate profession from the lists of jobs in the introductory activity. Ask each group to
describe five actions that are examples of bravery/courage for that career/profession. Let the groups discuss their

Whole Group Activity:
Each group will report its findings on the actions of courage/bravery that exemplify each career identified.

Concluding Activity:
Each group contributes its information to a classroom chart that demonstrates the courage and bravery of
different professions. Individually, students will write a reflection about courage and bravery and how these values
relate to the military and different professions.

Lists, discussion, chart contribution, reflection

Medal of Honor: Portraits of Valor Beyond the Call of Duty. NY: Artisan, 2006.

In Their Own Words - Robert Howard